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2 edition of Structural studies of nonstoichiometric mixed metal copper oxides found in the catalog.

Structural studies of nonstoichiometric mixed metal copper oxides

Rupert Cecil Lobo

Structural studies of nonstoichiometric mixed metal copper oxides

by Rupert Cecil Lobo

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Published by University of Birmingham in Birmingham .
Written in English


Edition Notes

Thesis (Ph.D)-University of Birmingham, School of Chemistry, 1991.

Statementby Rupert Cecil Lobo.
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL13929274M

types of metals ~Zr, Ca, Cu, Tb, Mn, etc.! into the oxide lattice–17 With respect to single-metal oxides, the chemical behavior of mixed-metal oxides may be different as a conse-quence of several factors At a structural level, a dopant or second metal can introduce stress into the lattice of an oxide.   Abstract. Metal oxides are the class of materials having the widest application in gas sensors. This chapter presents information related to the application of various metal oxides in gas sensors designed on different principles.

ABOUT THIS HANDBOOK: Metal Oxide Nanostructures and Their Applications is the world's first multivolume reference covering a wide variety of advanced research and emerging developments in the book series cover theoretical and experimental aspects of metal oxide nanostructures dealing with materials design, modeling, synthesis, fabrication, processing, spectroscopy characterization. The book examines many types of reactions - such as dehydration, reduction, selective oxidations, olefin metathesis, VOC removal, photo- and electrocatalysis, and water splitting - to elucidate how chemical composition and optical, magnetic, and structural properties of oxides affect their surface reactivity in : $

Metal Oxides: Metal oxides play a very important role in many areas of chemistry, physical and materials science []. Metal oxides are formed as a consequence of co-ordination tendency of metal ions so that oxide ions form co-ordination sphere around metal File Size: KB. Abstract. Complex oxides of the early transition metals in their highest oxidation states display a remarkable variety of properties, including catalytic [], electrooptic [], high-K dielectric [], electromechanical [], ferroelectric [], and charge density wave [] structural basis for this behavior, although understood in general terms, is not well understood on the atomic Cited by: 1.


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Structural studies of nonstoichiometric mixed metal copper oxides by Rupert Cecil Lobo Download PDF EPUB FB2

The concluding chapters present the pertinent results obtained in nonstoichiometric oxide structural studies using high-resolution electron microscopy and X-ray and neutron diffraction. Inorganic chemists and inorganic chemistry teachers and students will greatly appreciate this book.

Show less. Nonstoichiometric Oxides discusses the thermodynamic and structural studies of nonstoichiometric oxides. Nonstoichiometric Oxides discusses the thermodynamic and structural studies of nonstoichiometric oxides. This eight-chapter text also covers the defect-defect interactions in these compounds.

The introductory chapters describe the thermodynamic properties of nonstoichiometric oxides in terms of defect complexes using the classical thermodynamic principles and from a Book Edition: 1. Recent advances in the use of nonstoichiometric mixed metal oxides belonging to the perovskite family as cost-effective catalysts for various oxygen-related heterogeneous thermochemical and electrochemical reactions have led to the need for the development of robust design criteria to tune their catalytic : Samji Samira, Xiang-Kui Gu, Eranda Nikolla.

Review from Ringgold Inc., ProtoView: Characterizing the equilibrium state of non-stoichiometric metal oxides in relation to oxygen pressure, Stoklosa defines the total standard Gibbs energy of the formation of defects at a given deviation from the stoichiometry, and develops a method for determining complete diagrams of concentrations of the point defects which takes into account the minority Author: Andrzej Stokłosa.

The copper oxides nanoparticles were synthetized by a chemical reduction method in water solution. The starting materials were copper (II) sulfate, copper (II) acetate and copper chloride, in accordance with Dang et al., Hong et al. and Chatterjee et copper (II) hydroxide was synthesized in-situ in the process from the copper ion precursor and partly dissolved after addition of Cited by: Mixed metal oxides and catalytic redox cycles.

leading to significant progress in strategies for the controlled synthesis of new materials and probes of their structural and electronic properties. The progress in development of more accurate and efficient computational methods has led to new tools for exploring the mechanistic details and Cited by: 1.

An induction period for CuO reduction was seen and increased with decreasing temperature. O vacancies in CuO were observed during the induction period that could foster formation of a nonstoichiometric metastable copper-oxide species.

The metastable species can either react rapidly with CO to form metallic copper during high CO fl Cited by: XRD patterns show that as copper content was increased above % of the total metal content, crystal structure changed from a typical ZnO wurtzite structure to a CuO tenorite structure.

A second change occured at 35% copper with the emergence of two further tenorite by: 7. The first requirement of any novel study of nanoparticulated oxides is the synthesis of the material.

The development of systematic studies for the synthesis of oxide nanoparticles is a current challenge and, essentially, the corresponding preparation methods may be grouped in two main streams based upon the liquid-solid 51 and gas. Iron oxides. Nonstoichiometry is pervasive for metal oxides, especially when the metal is not in its highest oxidation state.: – For example, although wüstite (ferrous oxide) has an ideal (stoichiometric) formula FeO, the actual stoichiometry is closer to Fe O.

The non-stoichiometry reflect the ease of oxidation of Fe 2+ to Fe 3+ effectively replacing a small portion of Fe 2. Several bimetallic mixed oxides−silica nanocomposites were prepared using SBA as a support and suitable metal-containing reagents. The oxide precursors were obtained by reacting two metal alkoxides, namely, titanium(IV) isopropoxide [Ti(OiPr)4], zirconium propoxide [Zr(OPr)4], and aluminum isopropoxide [Al(OiPr)3], or one of these alkoxides with a solution of nickel nitrate hexahydrate Cited by: (Copper) (Copper(II) oxide) Similarly, aluminium forms aluminium oxide.

4Al + 3O 2 → 2Al 2 O 3 (Aluminium) (Aluminium oxide) Recall from Chapter 2, how copper oxide reacts with hydrochloric acid. We have learnt that metal oxides are basic in nature.

But some metal oxides, such as aluminium oxide, zinc oxide, etc., show both acidic as well as File Size: KB.

Metal oxides are usually nonstoichiometric. Nonstoichiometry affects their physical properties and chemical reactivity and can lead to novel devices and new applications in renewable : Weiqiang Han. We have employed a combination of experimental surface science techniques and density functional calculations to study the reduction of TiO2() surfaces through the doping with submonolayer transition metals.

We concentrate on the role of Ti adatoms in self doping of rutile and contrast the behaviour to that of Cr. DFT+U calculations enable identification of probable adsorption Cited by: 2.

Here, we report a modular materials design leading to noble metal‐free composite electrocatalysts, which combine high electrical conductivity, high OER and HER reactivity and high durability. The scalable bottom‐up fabrication allows the stable deposition of mixed metal oxide nanostructures with different functionalities on copper foam Cited by: The structural characterization by XRD revealed that copper-chromite was pure CuCr2O4, while copper-manganese and copper-cobalt mixed oxides resulted in.

Metal Oxides. Metal oxides play a very important role in many areas of chemistry, physical and materials science []. Metal oxides are formed as a consequence of co-ordination tendency of metal ions so that oxide ions form co-ordination sphere around metal Cited by: Topochemical modifications of mixed metal oxide compounds by low-temperature fluorination routes Oliver Clemens [email protected] 1 and Peter R.

Slater @ 1 1 School of Chemistry, The University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK. JOURNAL OF SOLID STATE CHEMISTRY 1, () Mixed Oxides of the Type MO^Fluorite^M^. Phase Studies in the Systems ZrO^-MA (M =Sc, Yb, Er, Dy)t M.

THORNBER Division of Applied Mineralogy, C.S.I.R.O., Wembley, Western Australia D. BEVAN AND E. SUMMERVILLE School of Physical Sciences, The Flinders University of South Australia, Bedford Cited by: The mixed metal oxide (copper(I) oxide − titania) acts as powerful electrocatalytic system for reduction of carbon dioxide.

• Upon illumination, when deposited onto conductive glass, the mixed system drives photoelectrochemical reduction of CO 2 to methanol. The mixed heterojunction seems to increase density of charge carries in the conduction band of the by:.

A wide range of 17O-enriched phases ABO3 and A2BO3 (A = Li, Na, Ca, Sr, Ba, and La; B = Ti, Zr, Sn, Nb, and Al) and related compounds has been synthesized and studied using 17O magic angle spinning (MAS) NMR spectroscopy.

In these highly ionic phases, the 17O electric field gradients are small, and as a result highly resolved NMR spectra that reveal subtle structural inequivalences are Cited by: A mixed metal magnetic Ni Co Fe 2 O 4 nanoparticles were successfully used as an adsorbent for the uptake of Crystal Violet (CV) dye from aqueous solution.photosensitizer.

Mixed metal oxide (MMO) electrodes are devices with useful properties for chemical electrolysis. Metal/Mixed metal oxides have wide applications as catalyst because of their high surface area and reactive sites. Number of scientists and academicians are using metal/mixed metal oxides as catalyst in various organic Size: KB.